Martyr Morteza Motahhari illustrated the terms of true fasting in his speech:
Experience one month of Ramadan and experience one real fast, just how prophet Muhammad(pbuh) and his household have told us to do.
What does it mean exactly?
First of all perform the appearances of the fast which is abandoning eating, drinking, sexual relation and some other things. Of course these items we are all aware of acting upon them. But we should perform on the fast that has been quoted as “especial fast” as well. Means during this month it shouldn’t be our mouths fasting only, our tongue should be fasting as well. In Ramadan try not to speak behind anyone’s back with your tongue. Try not to lie even it has a huge benefit for you. Because fasting is not just to avoid eating!
prophet Muhammad(pbuh) said:
There are too many people fasting, but they have nothing but hunger and thirst! (which means they are excluded from true benefits of fasting due to their misbehavior)
Speak of nothing but what is necessary either for this life or your other life (afterlife). Our ears should not hear any pointless word or obscenity. Our eyes should not stare at any vulgar scene. Our hands should not reach for betrayal. Our steps should not go forward to oppression and treason. On the contrary consider this month as an opportunity for sympathy and feeding and serving the poor and other people. Just try! Just strive for one month of Ramadan to be a real human and see for yourselves whether those acts of worship have their true effects on you or not? (indeed they’ll have). See if fasting in this month can change you or not?!
About Ayatollah Motahhari
Ayatollah Morteza Motahari, born 1920, received his elementary education in theology from his father, Sheikh Mohammad Hossein in his home town, Fariman in Khorasan province. When he was twelve years of age joined the Islamic Educational Center at Mashhad and pursued his studies there for five years. Then he … Ayatollah Motahhari
If are looking forward to conduct a fair research about the fundamentals of Islamic thoughts, I highly recommend to start from Ayatollah Motahhari’s books.